By Mary Canning
Vocational schooling is frequently neglected in the course of discussions of secondary schooling reform although it bills for among 25 percentage and seventy nine percentage of higher secondary enrollment within the former centrally-planned nations of the ecu Union. in keeping with details, info, and suggestions from almost all these nations, this paper develops a collection of propositions approximately vocational schooling reform, now not as a way to prescribing a close "one-size-fits-all" approach, yet fairly it derives a few ideas that persisted reform of vocational schooling might keep in mind, to the good thing about monetary potency.
Read or Download Vocational Education in the New Eu Member States: Enhancing Labor Market Outcomes and Fiscal Efficiency (World Bank Working Papers) PDF
Best globalization books
This booklet units out the case for a worldly method of modern worldwide politics. It offers a scientific thought of cosmopolitanism, explicating its center rules and justifications, and examines the function a lot of those ideas have performed within the improvement of world politics, comparable to framing the human rights regime.
The Niger Delta quarter has some time past twenty years skilled protracted violent conflicts. on the roots of those violent conflicts are the real quests of the folk for sustainable improvement that's in accordance with social justice, fairness, equity and environmental safety. even supposing richly endowed, the sector is hopelessly bad.
During this ebook, the thinker Jean-Luc Nancy examines the character of catastrophes within the period of globalization and expertise. Can a disaster be an remoted incidence? Is there this sort of factor as a "natural" disaster whilst all of our applied sciences nuclear power, energy provide, water offer are unavoidably implicated, drawing jointly the organic, social, monetary, and political?
Neoliberalism. Neoconservatism. Postmarxism. Postmodernism. Is there fairly whatever really new approximately state-of-the-art "isms? " Have we actually moved earlier our conventional ideological panorama? Combining political background, philosophical interpretation, and solid outdated story-telling, the increase of the worldwide Imaginary: Political Ideologies from the French Revolution to the worldwide struggle on Terror lines ideology's striking trip from count number Destutt de Tracy's Enlightenment-era "science of rules" to President George W.
- Anti-Corruption Policy: Can International Actors Play a Constructive Role?
- GIS for Health and the Environment
- Re-imagining the City: Art, Globalization and Urban Spaces
- The Law and Economics of Globalisation: New Challenges for a World in Flux
- International Trade Policy
- AGRICULTURAL GOVERNANCE: GLOBALIZATION AND THE NEW POLITICS OF REGULATION (Routledge Advances in Sociology)
Extra info for Vocational Education in the New Eu Member States: Enhancing Labor Market Outcomes and Fiscal Efficiency (World Bank Working Papers)
They should be conﬁned, as far as possible, to individuals who need them. ) to be cashed in by training providers of their choice. In addition, active labor market programs to train or re-train the unemployed would be needed, but should be carefully monitored for their impact in relation to their cost. The implications for ﬁscal efﬁciency of reforming vocational education in line with these principles will vary from country to country. As far as savings are concerned, they will depend primarily on the importance of VE expenditure in the budget and GDP and on the difference in unit cost between VE and GE.
Each of these “juvenile workers,” aged 16–18, receives a wage and social security contribution from the employer, which is refunded by the state: the employer receives a further subsidy when the apprentice graduates successfully. This is a classic dual-system model which has worked well for almost 80 years, but employers are losing interest in it: the number involved has halved over the past few years. The increase in the technological standard of equipment is said to mean that fewer jobs are available for juvenile workers and that they need more than the two days a week of practical training that the schools allow: this mode of training is more difﬁcult to apply to the occupations of the future.
The OECD International Adult Literacy Survey (OECD and Statistics Canada 2000) found that people with higher levels of reading literacy are more likely to be employed and to have higher average salaries than those with lower levels. Moreover, reading literacy levels can help to predict how well people will do in the labor market over and above what can be predicted from their educational qualifications alone. Among 26–35-year-olds working in the business sector in all countries covered by the IALS in 1994–98 the probability of working in a white-collar, highly skilled job rises rapidly with an increase in reading literacy skills (OECD 2001).
Vocational Education in the New Eu Member States: Enhancing Labor Market Outcomes and Fiscal Efficiency (World Bank Working Papers) by Mary Canning