By Martin J. Wiener
England was once the world's first nice commercial state but, satirically, the English have by no means been pleased with industrialism. Drawing on a big selection of resources, Martin Wiener explores the English ambivalence in the direction of smooth business society. His paintings finds a pervasive center- and upper-class state of mind opposed to industrialism and financial progress. From the center of the 19th century to the current, this hostility formed a extensive spectrum of cultural expression, together with literature, journalism, and structure, in addition to social, old and financial proposal. during this re-creation Wiener displays at the unique debate surrounding his paintings and examines the historiography of the previous two decades.
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Additional resources for English Culture and the Decline of the Industrial Spirit, 1850-1980
His fellow Gothicists, more polite, thought much the same: The Ecclesiologist, the journal of the influential Cam- A counterrevolution of values 29 bridge Camden Society, called it "engineering of the highest merit . . " Ruskin concluded: The quality of bodily industry which the Crystal Palace expresses, is very great. So far it is good. The quantity of thought it expresses is, I suppose, a single and admirable thought... that it might be possible to build a greenhouse larger than ever greenhouse was built before.
The central institution of the consolidation, the public school, came into its own in this period. From the eighteenforties, old schools were revived, new schools were founded, and a common ethos began to crystallize. It was an ethos that readily absorbed one side of mid-Victorian social thought, institutionalized it, and propagated it. By Victoria's death, her nation possessed a remarkably homogeneous and cohesive elite, sharing to a high degree a common education and a common outlook and set of values.
23 The most obvious example of the public schools' detachment from the modern world was the virtual absence of science of any sort from their curricula. In the teaching of science the public schools lagged far behind schools of lesser social standing. 24 Yet it did not penetrate the schools of the upper class for some years thereafter, and then only over determined obstruction. At Rugby, the pioneer of public school science instruction, the first science teachers were barely tolerated. J. M. Wilson, an astronomer, was allowed after 1859 to offer four hours a week of "natural philosophy" as long as it did not interfere with the fourteen hours he put in on algebra, geometry, and trigonometry.
English Culture and the Decline of the Industrial Spirit, 1850-1980 by Martin J. Wiener