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Get Challenges of the Least Developed Countries: Governance and PDF

By United Nations

ISBN-10: 1435612752

ISBN-13: 9781435612754

ISBN-10: 9211205042

ISBN-13: 9789211205046

The over and over excessive prevalence of poverty, terrible institutional potential, insufficient human assets, low degrees of monetary and export diversification and insufficient infrastructure, melded with major exterior debt burdens and lowered inflows of legit improvement tips, have coerced the least built nations within the Asian and Pacific area right into a place during which they often became the weakest section of the overseas group. the current e-book is a set of papers awarded on the assembly on governance and trade-related matters in least constructed nations of the area which aimed to handle the socio-economic demanding situations confronted through those international locations.

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The allocation rule for funds is designed to ensure selection of low-income countries with relatively sound policies and institutions that support economic growth and reduce poverty. Countries will be rated along three performance dimensions: (a) governing justly (“Rooting out corruption, upholding human rights, and adherence to the rule of law are essential conditions for successful development”); (b) investing in people (“Investment in education, health care, and immunization provide for healthy and educated citizens who become agents of development”); and (c) promoting economic freedom (“More open markets, sustainable budget policies, and strong support for individual entrepreneurship unleash the enterprise and creativity for lasting growth and prosperity”).

The Development Assistance Committee of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (DAC/ OECD) categorizes this group as the “difficult partnerships”. The DAC approach towards these fragile countries points to the importance of governance, political development and institution building. Its strategies to address the problem of difficult partnerships are comparable to the initiative for low-income countries under stress. Chapter IV From the above, it appears that much more attention needs to be paid to the political aspects of anti-corruption strategies.

As a result of changes in traderelated policies, the composition of exports from least developed countries in Asia and the Pacific shifted in the 1980s from the agricultural sector to the industrial and service sectors. Growth in exports during the 1990s has been highest in countries such as Bangladesh, Cambodia, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic and Nepal, which export manufactures, especially textiles and clothing products. In Bangladesh and Nepal, manufactures constituted 49 per cent of merchandise exports in 1980, 74 per cent in 1989 and 83 per cent in 2001.

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Challenges of the Least Developed Countries: Governance and Trade (Least Developed Countries Series) by United Nations

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