By G. Roth (auth.), Dr. Peter Kruse, Professor Dr. Michael Stadler (eds.)
Ambiguity in brain and Nature is the results of cognitive multistability, the phenomenon during which an unchanging stimulus, frequently visible, provides upward push within the topic to an oscillating perceptual interpretation. The vase/face photo is among the most renowned examples.
In this booklet scientists from many disciplines together with physics, biology, psychology, maths and machine technological know-how, current fresh growth during this interesting sector of cognitive technological know-how. utilizing the phenomenon of multistability as a paradigm they search to appreciate how which means originates within the mind due to cognitive strategies. New advances are accomplished via using suggestions comparable to self-organization, chaos conception and intricate platforms to the newest result of mental and neurophysical experiments.
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Extra resources for Ambiguity in Mind and Nature: Multistable Cognitive Phenomena
It proves very hard for them to invert voluntarily the direction of the motion. In fact, for about half of the Ss this was almost impossible. The spontaneous inversions are less frequent and the alternative lost only very short time before Multistability as a Research Tool in Experimental Phenomenology 57 the Ss returned to the first motion again. This is not the case, however, if we contrast proximity with directionality of the figure (Figure 10 i). Here the two alternative directions are equiprobable.
When we deal with perception and the origin of meaning, we may start with a study of the properties of the brain, where we take as a starting point a material point of view. The brain is a complex system, because it is composed of, say, a hundred billion neurons with many synapses connecting the neurons in a complicated fashion. ttrical and chemical processes. It becomes a synergetic system, because it exhibits the emergence of new qualities in the processes of perception, motor-action, thinking, speech-control, and so on.
The general concepts are used to devise a computer model for perception that reveals the fundamental role of attention, in particular in the resolution of ambiguous patterns. Finally, we discuss semantic information and the self-creation of meaning. 1 A reminder of the goals of synergetics In practically all scientific disciplines we are dealing with systems that are composed of many individual parts, components or subsystems. These components represent the microscopic level. By means of their interaction the components may quite often produce a total action on the macroscopic level.
Ambiguity in Mind and Nature: Multistable Cognitive Phenomena by G. Roth (auth.), Dr. Peter Kruse, Professor Dr. Michael Stadler (eds.)