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Download e-book for iPad: Alterations of Consciousness: An Empirical Analysis for by Imants Baruss, Stephen Vletas

By Imants Baruss, Stephen Vletas

ISBN-10: 1557989931

ISBN-13: 9781557989932

Changes of cognizance is a clean and richly analytic research into the character of cognitive fact. Imants Baruss explores numerous manifestations of cognizance with rational and empirical rigor starting with extra usual states similar to considering, slumbering, dreaming and carrying on with on into hypnosis, trance, psychedelic reports, transcendence, and stories relating to loss of life. This entire assessment of altered states examines cognizance from the physiological, cognitive, and experiential issues of view. Readers will achieve from this enticing textual content an enriched realizing of recognition, fact, and the medical activity.

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Additional info for Alterations of Consciousness: An Empirical Analysis for Social Scientists

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James, 1890/1983, p. 220). Consciousness spans time gaps in the sense that thoughts that follow a time gap feel as though they belong together with those that preceded it. Furthermore, James has argued at length that differences in content between successive thoughts are no more breaks in thinking than the joints in bamboo are breaks in the wood. Consciousness “is nothing jointed; it flows. A ‘river’ or a ‘stream’ are the metaphors by which it is most naturally described. In talking of it hereafter, let us call it the stream of thought, of consciousness, or of subjective life” (W.

It would make more sense to say that our subjective life consists of irrational thinking with occasional patches of reason. Or to put it another way, we could say that daydreaming is a substantial part of our experiential stream. Let us shift our attention to the daydreaming aspects of thinking. First, we have to realize that there have been different definitions of daydreaming, which we can clarify with reference to the dimensions of thinking. Thus, for William James, “the essence of daydreams [was] their spontaneity” (Klinger, 1990, p.

Indeed, much of our understanding of thinking comes from studies using some variation of the experience sampling method. Filling out a questionnaire about oneself is probably more problematic than reporting what goes on in one’s mind when a beeper goes off. How well do people really know themselves? How good are people’s judgments about their own natures? To what extent do self-deception and deliberate self-presentation play a role? To illustrate the type of problem that exists, let us consider four metaphors that have been used to characterize the manner in which people’s perceptions of themselves function.

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Alterations of Consciousness: An Empirical Analysis for Social Scientists by Imants Baruss, Stephen Vletas


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