By Peter Dwyer, Leo Zeilig
This groundbreaking research examines the earnings, contradictions, and frustrations of twenty-first century prodemocracy struggles throughout Southern Africa.
Three best Africa students examine the social forces riding the democratic transformation of postcolonial states throughout southern Africa. large study and interviews with civil society organizers in Zimbabwe, South Africa, Zambia, Malawi, Namibia, and Swaziland tell this research of the demanding situations confronted via non-governmental organisations in touching on either to the attendant inequality of globalization and to grassroots struggles for social justice.
About the Authors:
Peter Dwyer is a teach in economics at Ruskin collage in Oxford.
Leo Zeilig Lecturer on the Institute of Commonwealth stories, collage of London.
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Extra resources for African Struggles Today: Social Movements Since Independence
The gradual emergence of centralized colonial government brought about unified control over local services, although the actual administration of these services was still delegated to local authorities. Specific duties and responsibilities came to be clearly delineated, and the role of traditional states in local administration was also clarified. The structure of local government had its roots in traclitional patterns of government. Village councils of chiefs and elders were almost exclusively responsible for the immediate needs of individual localities, including traditional law and order and the general welfare.
The plan, according to Lugarci, had the further advantage of civilizing the natives because it exposed traditional rulers to the benefits of Euro- pean political organization and values. This "civilizing" process notwithstanding, indirect rule had the ultimate advantage of guaranteeing the maintenance of law and order. The application of indirect rule in the Gold Coast became essential, especially after Asante and the Northern Territories were brought under British rule. Before the effective colonization of these territories, the intention of the British was to use 19 Ghana: A Country Study both force and agreements to control chiefs in Asante and the north.
Perhaps 5,000 a year were shipped from the Gold Coast alone. The demographic impact of the slave trade on West Africa was probably substantially greater than the number actually enslaved because a significant number of Africans perished during slaving raids or while in captivity awaiting transshipment. All nations with an interest in West Africa participated in the slave trade. Relations between the Europeans and the local populations were often strained, and distrust led to frequent clashes. Disease caused high losses among the Europeans engaged in the slave trade, but the profits realized from the trade continued to attract them.
African Struggles Today: Social Movements Since Independence by Peter Dwyer, Leo Zeilig