By Allen I. Laskin (Eds.)
Meant for researchers in utilized microbiology and environmental engineers, this booklet covers such subject matters as environmental overview of biotechnological approaches and microbial adjustments of haloaromatic and haloaliphatic compounds.
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Extra info for Advances in Applied Microbiology, Vol. 31
One strategy is to select pyruvate-negative mutants of clostridia that normally can grow on pyruvate as indicated in Section 11,D above. , 1983). We have isolated allyl-alcohol-resistant mutants of C. acetobutylicum, some of which make very little butanol but produce excess butyrate (Table IV). Ally1 alcohol is oxidized by alcohol dehydrogenases to a toxic aldehyde, acrolein. Thus, mutant organisms that synthesize altered forms of butanol and ethanol dehydrogenases will survive selection in the presence of ally1 alcohol (Lutsdorf and Megnet, 1968).
1983) Pan et al. (1980) Li et al. (1980); Mihelc et al. (1978); Rokos et al. (1978); Rood et a1. (1978a,b) Blaschek and Klacik (1984) Blaschek and Solberg (1981) Squires et al. 1 to 81 MDa (in 38 of 68 strains) Squires et al. (1984) Ionesco (1980); Muldrow et al. (1982) Finn et al. (1984); Laird et al. (1980) Scott and Duncan (1978); Strom et al. (1984) GENETICS AND BIOCHEMISTRY OF Clostridiurn 41 perfringens have been isolated that are multiply resistant to clindamycin (Cl), chloramphenicol (CM), erythromycin (Em), and tetracycline (Tc).
Fragments of DNA carrying the endogluconase gene from the thermophilic filamentous bacterium, Thermomonosporu XY, have been cloned into plasmid pBR322. Restriction maps have been prepared and expression of the Themmonosporu cellulase is under study (Collmer and Wilson, 1983). Likewise, the enzymes and major genes of the cellulase complex of the fungus Trichodermu reesei are under intensive study. Shoemaker et al. (1983a,b) have purified and characterized most of the major enzymes in the cellulase complex of this organism.
Advances in Applied Microbiology, Vol. 31 by Allen I. Laskin (Eds.)