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Get Advances and Applications Through Fungal Nanobiotechnology PDF

By Ram Prasad

ISBN-10: 3319429892

ISBN-13: 9783319429892

ISBN-10: 3319429906

ISBN-13: 9783319429908

​​Fungal nanobiotechnology has emerged as one of many key applied sciences, and an green, as a resource of nutrients and harnessed to ferment and guard meals and drinks, in addition to functions in human well-being (antibiotics, anti-cholesterol statins, and immunosuppressive agents), whereas has used fungi for large-scale construction of enzymes, acids, biosurfactants, and to control fungal disorder in vegetation and pest keep watch over. With the harnessing of nanotechnology, fungi have grown more and more very important by way of delivering a greener substitute to chemically synthesized nanoparticles.

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2001a; Gericke and Pinches 2006). Fusarium, Aspergillus, and Penicillium have capable potential for the extracellular production of different metal nanoparticles. 1 and some examples of nanoparticles are described below. 2 Gold Nanoparticles In the study of Castro-Longoria et al. (2011), the filamentous fungus Neurospora crassa was screened and found to be successful for the production of mono and bimetallic Au/Ag nanoparticles. 1 The list of nanoparticles synthesized from different fungi Nanoparticle type Gold Size of the nanoparticle (nm) 10–60 Production location Extracellular 10 Extracellular 5–200 20–40 20–40 Extracellular Extracellular Extracellular 20–40 <10–100 Extracellular Intracellular 2–20 Intracellular Rhizopus nigricans 35–48 Extracellular Trichoderma sp.

2005) 10–100 Riddin et al. (2006) 6–13 Intracellular/ Extracellular Extracellular 20–50 Extracellular Bharde et al. (2006) Trichoderma asperellum Tricoderma viride Silver Size of the nanoparticle (nm) 5–50 nm/8– 14 nm Au-Ag 550–650 Extracellular Bansal et al. (2005) dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) confirmed the biosynthesis of nanoparticles by N. crassa. The size of nanoparticles was found to be average diameter of 32 nm for gold when the fungus was exposed to the aqueous solutions of HAuCl4.

J Cell Biochem 45:30–40 Mehra RK, Tarbet EB, Gray WR, Winge DR (1988) Metal-specific synthesis of two metallothioneins and gamma-glutamyl peptides in Candida glabrata. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 85:8815–8819 Mehra RK, Mulchandani P, Hunter TC (1994) Role of CdS quantum crystallites in cadmium resistance in Candida glabrata. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 200:1193–1200 Mendoza-Cózatl D, Loza-Tavera H, Hernández-Navarro A, Moreno-Sánchez R (2005) Sulfur assimilation and glutathione metabolism under cadmium stress in yeast, protists and plants.

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Advances and Applications Through Fungal Nanobiotechnology by Ram Prasad

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