By Ram Prasad
Fungal nanobiotechnology has emerged as one of many key applied sciences, and an green, as a resource of nutrients and harnessed to ferment and guard meals and drinks, in addition to functions in human well-being (antibiotics, anti-cholesterol statins, and immunosuppressive agents), whereas has used fungi for large-scale construction of enzymes, acids, biosurfactants, and to control fungal disorder in vegetation and pest keep watch over. With the harnessing of nanotechnology, fungi have grown more and more very important by way of delivering a greener substitute to chemically synthesized nanoparticles.
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Additional info for Advances and Applications Through Fungal Nanobiotechnology
2001a; Gericke and Pinches 2006). Fusarium, Aspergillus, and Penicillium have capable potential for the extracellular production of different metal nanoparticles. 1 and some examples of nanoparticles are described below. 2 Gold Nanoparticles In the study of Castro-Longoria et al. (2011), the ﬁlamentous fungus Neurospora crassa was screened and found to be successful for the production of mono and bimetallic Au/Ag nanoparticles. 1 The list of nanoparticles synthesized from different fungi Nanoparticle type Gold Size of the nanoparticle (nm) 10–60 Production location Extracellular 10 Extracellular 5–200 20–40 20–40 Extracellular Extracellular Extracellular 20–40 <10–100 Extracellular Intracellular 2–20 Intracellular Rhizopus nigricans 35–48 Extracellular Trichoderma sp.
2005) 10–100 Riddin et al. (2006) 6–13 Intracellular/ Extracellular Extracellular 20–50 Extracellular Bharde et al. (2006) Trichoderma asperellum Tricoderma viride Silver Size of the nanoparticle (nm) 5–50 nm/8– 14 nm Au-Ag 550–650 Extracellular Bansal et al. (2005) dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) conﬁrmed the biosynthesis of nanoparticles by N. crassa. The size of nanoparticles was found to be average diameter of 32 nm for gold when the fungus was exposed to the aqueous solutions of HAuCl4.
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Advances and Applications Through Fungal Nanobiotechnology by Ram Prasad