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Download PDF by Peter Hilton, Jean Pedersen: A Mathematical Tapestry: Demonstrating the Beautiful Unity

By Peter Hilton, Jean Pedersen

ISBN-10: 0521128218

ISBN-13: 9780521128216

This easy-to-read publication demonstrates how an easy geometric proposal finds attention-grabbing connections and ends up in quantity idea, the math of polyhedra, combinatorial geometry, and crew idea. utilizing a scientific paper-folding strategy it truly is attainable to build a customary polygon with any variety of facets. This impressive set of rules has resulted in attention-grabbing proofs of sure ends up in quantity thought, has been used to respond to combinatorial questions regarding walls of house, and has enabled the authors to acquire the formulation for the amount of a customary tetrahedron in round 3 steps, utilizing not anything extra complex than simple mathematics and the main basic aircraft geometry. All of those rules, and extra, show the great thing about arithmetic and the interconnectedness of its a variety of branches. special directions, together with transparent illustrations, let the reader to realize hands-on event developing those types and to find for themselves the styles and relationships they unearth.

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Extra info for A Mathematical Tapestry: Demonstrating the Beautiful Unity of Mathematics

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8. An even bigger hexagon can be obtained by increasing the distance between the successive vertices along the top of the tape at which you make your secondary folds. The hexagon is then formed, as before, by performing the FAT algorithm at 6 successive vertices equally spaced along the top of the tape. 9, where secondary lines are folded at every other vertex along the top of the tape, and then the FAT algorithm is executed at those vertices using the secondary fold lines. By now you can surely guess how you might construct 12-gons, 24-gons, etc.

13(b) shows part of the completed FAT 10-gon. By inserting more secondary fold lines one can, in theory, construct regular 2n 5-gons, for any n. We would only be limited by our ability to repeatedly bisect angles. As a reward for following these rather long constructions we will tell you about a particularly easy way to obtain a single pentagon. Just take a strip of paper and begin to tie an over-hand knot. 14. 4 Does this idea generalize? 13 A FAT 5-gon. Constructing a FAT 10-gon. 14 Tying a pentagon.

5(c), resulting acute angles nearest the bottom of the tape, labeled 3π 7 − , forcing the angle to the right of this crease line would in fact measure 3π 7 2 4π at the top of the tape to have measure 7 + 2 . When this last angle is bisected twice by folding the tape down, the two acute angles nearest the top edge of the tape will each measure π7 + 23 . This makes it clear that, every time we repeat a D 2 U 1 -folding on the tape, the error is reduced by a factor of 23 . We see that our optimistic strategy has paid off – by blandly assuming we have an angle of 2π at the top of the tape to begin with, and folding accordingly, we get 7 what we want – successive angles at the top of the tape which, as we fold, rapidly get closer and closer to π7 , whatever angle we had, in fact, started with!

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A Mathematical Tapestry: Demonstrating the Beautiful Unity of Mathematics by Peter Hilton, Jean Pedersen

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