By Evan Luard
This, the 1st quantity of a huge paintings, describes the institution of the United countries, the controversies and debates in the association and the political components surrounding those through the first ten years of its lifestyles.
Read Online or Download A History of the United Nations: Volume 1: The Years of Western Domination, 1945–1955 PDF
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Extra info for A History of the United Nations: Volume 1: The Years of Western Domination, 1945–1955
The Big Five therefore stood firm on this. The most they were willing to allow was that a special conference to review the Charter might be called, free of veto, if demanded by a two-thirds majority. It was agreed that after ten years the possibility of holding such a conference should be considered, but a Canadian proposal that a conference would anyway be held at that time was turned down. The dominant role accorded to the Council at Dumbarton Oaks was maintained. The powers of the Security Council in securing the peaceful settlement of disputes were even strengthened.
And it was feared that in practice it might still enable a permanent member to prevent a subject from being discussed at all. A sub-committee was set up to examine the matter, and eventually, on 22 May, the majority on this sub-committee directed a series of twentythree searching questions to the sponsoring powers on the meaning of the Yalta voting formula. The Soviet Union had seemed up to this point to maintain the position held at Yalta: that is, her representative did not maintain that a permanent member could prevent any subject from being discussed at all, nor that the Yalta formula would give this right.
The most important were the degree to which a permanent member could use its veto to prevent a decision from being reached in a dispute to which it was itself a party, and the demand for separate representation for the sixteen Soviet republics. There were other points of difference which stemmed from the disagreement about the veto. There were also a few questions which had not been discussed at all: particularly the trusteeship system, on which the United States had not made up its own mind, and the reconstitution of the International Court of Justice.
A History of the United Nations: Volume 1: The Years of Western Domination, 1945–1955 by Evan Luard