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Download e-book for iPad: A History of the Korean Language by Ki-Moon Lee, S. Robert Ramsey

By Ki-Moon Lee, S. Robert Ramsey

ISBN-10: 0521661897

ISBN-13: 9780521661898

A historical past of the Korean Language is the 1st booklet at the topic ever released in English. It strains the foundation, formation, and numerous historic phases in which the language has handed, from outdated Korean via to the current day. each one bankruptcy starts off with an account of the old and cultural historical past. A finished record of the literature of every interval is then supplied and the textual checklist defined, in addition to the script or scripts used to put in writing it. eventually, each one level of the language is analyzed, providing new information supplementing what's identified approximately its phonology, morphology, syntax, and lexicon. the intense alphabetic fabrics of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries are given distinct awareness, and are used to make clear previous, pre-alphabetic sessions.

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Extra info for A History of the Korean Language

Sample text

The Tungusic situation is a little more complex, but there, too, the morpheme forms nominals. In Evenki, it is used to build adnominal modifiers that in turn form present-tense verbals; for example, the word təgənni ‘you’re sitting’ is derived from *təgən-si, which is composed of the stem təgə- ‘to sit,’ the suffix -n, and the second-person suffix -si. Middle Korean -(o/u)n was, in its basic usage, much the same as its modern reflex. , taton (MWUN) 다 (門) ‘closed (door)’ (1481 Tusi o˘nhae 8:61a).

But when Kija remonstrated with the emperor over his corrupt practices, the emperor threw him into prison. After the Shang was subsequently overthrown by the Zhou, Kija took refuge in Choso˘n and established a state there (though just where is a hotly disputed topic in modern Korea). The new Zhou rulers, rather than pursuing this member of the previous dynasty’s nobility, rewarded Kija for his virtue and conferred upon him a peerage. At one time, this story was important to Koreans because it tied the nation’s origins to Chinese institutions and classical traditions.

5 The Contemporary reflexes of -(o/u)n and -(o/u)lq are used exclusively as modifier endings, but in the fifteenth century both also served as nominalizers. The use of -ki, which is now the most productive nominalizer, was rare at that time. ’ The Middle Korean ending -(o/u)lq was used for conjectures about the future, much as its Contemporary reflex still is today; for example, cwuki주기- ‘kill,’ cwukilq (salom) 주 (사) ‘(person) to be killed’ (1459 Wo˘rin so˘kpo 25:75b). As can be seen, the morpheme corresponds closely to its equivalent in Tungusic.

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A History of the Korean Language by Ki-Moon Lee, S. Robert Ramsey

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