By Christopher Lord
A Democratic Audit of the ecu Union offers a scientific review of democracy within the european opposed to sincerely outlined standards. Christopher Lord bargains a double problem to generalizations a couple of democratic deficit within the ecu. at the one hand, it exhibits that criteria of democratic functionality within the ecu may perhaps fluctuate throughout Union associations and decision-making methods. nonetheless, it exhibits that they could differ throughout key dimensions of democratic governance, together with citizenship, rights, participation, illustration, responsiveness, transparency and responsibility.
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Extra resources for A Democratic Audit of the European Union (One Europe or Several?)
How far does the EU 7. How far is there an agreed respect the autonomy democratic citizenship at EU of national practices of level and how able are individuals democratic citizenship? to use it in practice? Authorisation 2. How far are national democracies able to shape and control the institutional design of the EU by means of their own choosing? Representation 3. How far does the 9. How far is the designation of distribution of executive executive and legislative 8. How far can individuals and groups influence questions of institutional design at Union level, according to deliberative processes that bring them into direct communication with one another, regardless of boundaries between national democracies?
5 Satisfaction with democracy in the EU Satisfaction with democracy in the EU Eurobarometer number Very/fairly satisfied Not/not at all satisfied 39 44 41 40 44 38 41 42 42 42 37 39 43 39 42 48 37 44 51 42 39 54 40 43 56 44 38 In your assessment, do European citizens always, never or rarely have a say in the decisions of the EU? (Eurobarometer, 1995, p. 48) EU15 Aus Bel Den Fin Fr Ger Gr Ire It Neths P Sp Swe UK 1. Always/often 29 25 27 26 23 29 28 34 28 31 24 37 33 14 24 2. Rarely/never 66 63 65 67 70 67 63 51 59 58 70 49 51 78 68 Difference 2Ϫ1 Ϫ37 Ϫ38 Ϫ38 Ϫ41 Ϫ47 Ϫ38 Ϫ35 Ϫ17 Ϫ31 Ϫ27 Ϫ46 Ϫ12 Ϫ18 Ϫ64 Ϫ44 mined more deeply for clues than hitherto.
The TEU confers the status of Union institution on five bodies: the European Commission, the Council of Ministers, the EP, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) and the European Court of Auditors. 2 The three pillars of the EU and their policy content Pillar 1 The EC Treaty consisting of the following titles: I Free Movement of Goods II Agriculture III Free Movement of Persons, Services and Capital IV Visas, Asylum, Immigration V Transport VI Competition and Taxation VII Economic and Monetary Union VIII Employment IX Common Commercial Policy Customs Co-operation Social Policy, Education, Vocational Training, Youth XII Culture XIII Public Health XIV Consumer Protection XV Trans-European Networks XVI Industry XVII Economic and Social Cohesion XVIII Research and Technological Development XIX Environment XX Development Co-operation Pillar 2 (CFSP) Pillar 3 ( JHA) X XI Title V of the Treaty on European Union Title VI of the Treaty on European Union Auditing Democracy in the European Union 31 the general policy guidelines’ of the Union.
A Democratic Audit of the European Union (One Europe or Several?) by Christopher Lord