By Logan E. Whalen
After approximately 8 centuries and masses examine and writing on Marie de France, the single biographical info we all know approximately her, with any measure of walk in the park, is that she was once from France and wrote for the Anglo-Angevin court docket of Henry II. but Marie de France is still this day probably the most famous literary voices of the tip of the twelfth century and used to be the 1st lady of letters to write down in French. The chapters during this booklet are composed by way of students who've really expert in Marie de France reports, typically for a few years. providing conventional perspectives along new severe views, the authors speak about many alternative elements of her poetics
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Extra resources for A Companion to Marie de France
The final verses of the prologue to the Fables express Marie’s dedication of her collection and reflect her encomium of Henry II in the General Prologue to the Lais: A mei, ki dei la rime faire, n’avenist nïent a retraire plusurs paroles que i sunt; mes nepuruc cil me sumunt ki flurs est de chevalerie, d’enseignement, de curteisie; e quant tel hume me ad requise, ne voil lesser en nule guise que n’i mette travail e peine, ki que m’en tienge pur vileine, de fere mut pur sa preere. (vv. 27–37) [It was not at all becoming to me, whose task it was to compose the verse, to repeat several words which are found here, but nevertheless he who is the flower of chivalry, of learning, and of courtliness commissioned me, and when such a man has commanded me, in no way do I want to neglect being diligent and thorough about it, no matter who may take me for uncourtly.
Of the classical authors, there is ample evidence that she was well acquainted with the works of Ovid. In Guigemar she describes at length a mural painting depicting Venus, the goddess of love, condemning 31 See Constance Bullock-Davies, “The Love-Messenger in ‘Milun,’ ” Nottingham Medieval Studies 16 (1972), 20–27. A. ” 33 See Emanuel J. Mickel, “Antiquities in the Lais of Marie de France,” in In Quest of Marie de France. A Twelfth-Century Poet, ed. Chantal Maréchal (Lewiston, NY, 1993), pp. 123–37.
Thus, aside from the “Offended Fée” narrative, scarcely an exclusively Breton tale, the Lanval comes to look very much like a 12th-century narrative using well-known stories. After all, what could be more natural to a lai from the third quarter of the 12th-century than an Arthurian setting, following the 1155 appearance of Wace’s Brut and Chrétien’s first romances. It seems likely that this setting was a later addition rather than the remains of an oral Breton tradition of which we know nothing.
A Companion to Marie de France by Logan E. Whalen