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By Saul Dubow

ISBN-10: 0199296634

ISBN-13: 9780199296637

A Commonwealth of data addresses the connection among social and medical proposal, colonial id, and political energy in 19th- and twentieth-century South Africa. It hinges at the rigidity among colonial wisdom, conceived of as a common, modernizing strength, and its recognition within the context of a society divided alongside advanced ethnic and racial fault-lines. by way of unique research of colonial cultures, literary and medical associations, and specialist historic brooding about South Africa and its peoples, it demonstrates the ways that the cultivation of data has served to help white political ascendancy and claims to nationhood. In a sustained statement on glossy South African historiography, the importance of 'broad' South Africanism - a political culture designed to go beyond adjustments among white English- and Afrikaans-speakers - is emphasised. A Commonwealth of information additionally engages with wider comparative debates.These comprise the character of imperial and colonial wisdom platforms; the position of highbrow rules and ideas in constituting ethnic, racial, and nearby identities; the dissemination of principles among imperial metropole and colonial outer edge; the emergence of beginner highbrow groups; and the come upon among imperial and indigenous or neighborhood wisdom platforms. The ebook has large scope. It opens with a dialogue of civic associations (eg. museums, libraries, botanical gardens and clinical societies), and assesses their position in making a distinct experience of Cape colonial id; the ebook is going directly to speak about the ways that clinical and different kinds of data contributed to the improvement of a capacious South Africanist patriotism appropriate with persevered club of the British Commonwealth; it concludes with reflections at the techno-nationalism of the apartheid country and situates modern issues just like the 'African Renaissance', and responses to HIV/AIDS, in extensive old context.

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A combination of intermarriage, patronage, and two-way cultural assimilation soon gave rise to an identifiable Anglo-Dutch colonial oligarchy. Within this upper stratum of society, ethnic differences were often transcended by mutual economic, family, and political interests. The persistence of prominent family names is as good an indication as any of the way in which networks of colonial society were sustained and reproduced. The tenure of Lord Charles Somerset, who governed the Cape from 1814 to 1826, marks an important moment in the Cape’s transition from a small trading outpost, ruled by a coterie of military and administrative officials, to an expanding British colony with an increasingly vocal settler population.

A. Walker, The South African College and the University of Cape Town 1829–1929 (Cape Town, 1929), 10–11. ¹⁴ Sturgis, ‘Anglicisation at the Cape of Good Hope’, 17; Giliomee, The Afrikaners, 196–7. 22 Literary and Scientific Institutions institutions were most often integrated with existing Dutch systems rather than replacing them altogether. Traditions of patronage and clientelism, which so characterized Company rule, largely went unchecked during the first two decades of British occupation. Indeed, the centralized authority of Company rule was matched, even exceeded, by the autocracy of the British.

Penn, ‘Mapping the Cape: John Barrow and the First British Occupation of the Colony, 1795–1803’, Pretexts, 4:2 (1993), 31. ⁵ Hattersely, Illustrated Social History, 107–8. 20 Literary and Scientific Institutions India Company which it replaced, namely, that it regarded the Cape as a strategic way-station to the east and that its prime purpose was to service the needs of passing ships. ⁷ The successive British occupations of 1795 and 1806 may therefore be seen as incidental consequences of the Napoleonic wars, rather than the fruition of any worked-out plan to create a new colony of settlement in Africa.

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A Commonwealth of Knowledge: Science, Sensibility, and White South Africa 1820-2000 by Saul Dubow


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