By Donald B. Freeman
In an insightful new examine, Donald Freeman examines the improvement and value of city agriculture in Nairobi, Kenya, overturning a few universal assumptions concerning the population and economic system of African towns. He addresses the ways that city agriculture matches right into a broader photograph of Kenyan social and monetary improvement and discusses the results of his findings for improvement concept as a rule. Freeman starts via exploring the context of city agriculture, tracing its improvement within the colonial and post-colonial urban. He then presents a close description of city farmers, their land use practices, and their plants. Freeman accrued this wealthy physique of data via on-site surveys of 618 small-scale cultivators in ten assorted elements of Nairobi. He concludes via contemplating the consequences of the burgeoning perform of city agriculture for the cultivators themselves, for town, and for the constructing economic system of Kenya. even though the empirical paintings is targeted on Nairobi and its casual area, the scope and implications of the research are broader and the conclusions appropriate to different elements of the 3rd international. "Urban" effective actions within the 3rd international, Freeman indicates, want redefining to take account of uncomplicated nutrition creation within the urban and its interrelationships with different casual and formal sectors. A urban of Farmers will curiosity not just fiscal geographers and scholars and students of improvement experiences and African background yet an individual fascinated with financial and social stipulations within the 3rd global.
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Extra resources for A City of Farmers: Informal Urban Agriculture in the Open Spaces of Nairobi, Kenya
The veracity of these can then be considered in the light of the empirical data collected in the Mazingira study and the 1987 survey by the author. First, it seems clear that, in the eyes of many of the urban poor who participate in informal sector activities, family needs cannot be met entirely from either wage jobs or the informal craft/service enterprise sector. It is also possible that barriers to entry of new urban 2O Context of Urban Agriculture residents into these sectors (in terms of acquired skills, or capital, or available business sites and raw materials, or all of these) may be sufficiently high to exclude a proportion of urban residents, particularly women.
Thus, most of the Kenyan population is young, nearly half still of school age. Around 80 per cent of Kenyans live in rural areas, mostly in peasant farming communities. The burden of feeding, clothing, and educating these people has been high for the struggling economy of Kenya, and grows with every passing year. The ability of the rural areas to support this burgeoning population is now severely strained, as the country lacks new areas of highpotential land for agricultural settlement, and few natural resources to permit rural diversification.
POSSIBLE EXPLANATIONS FOR URBAN AGRICULTURE A detailed explanation of why residents of certain large African cities undertake the cultivation of open spaces must await the evaluation of evidence presented in Part Two of this study. It is possible at this stage, however, to propose some broad deductions based on what is known of urban economies generally and the African case in particular. The veracity of these can then be considered in the light of the empirical data collected in the Mazingira study and the 1987 survey by the author.
A City of Farmers: Informal Urban Agriculture in the Open Spaces of Nairobi, Kenya by Donald B. Freeman